Ovarian Cancer is the 5th most common cancer in women and it can also result in gynecological cancer death. Around, 1 in 70 women will develop ovarian cancer once in their lifetime. It is essential to understand the problem. In this guide, we have mentioned the topmost questions to ask your doctor to stay equipped with the right information.
What increases the risk of ovarian cancer?
Ovarian cancer is difficult to diagnose and the condition is hereditary. Around 10 percent of the genetic mutations genes are present from birth. The genes which are defective or mutative will result in the growth of abnormal cells and they can grow out of control. Women are at risk of 35 to 70 percent during their lifetime. It is best that you consult your cancer doctor and he can diagnose your condition and give you better information.
What can I do about this situation?
The foremost thing is to stay protected. Genetic testing through the saliva or blood can determine if there is any problem with the mutations and help you understand the risk of your condition when not diagnosed. Another way is tumor testing which helps to understand which treatment plan is needed when the diagnosis is done.
Does family history make a lot of difference?
When you visit the cancer hospital, make sure to inform your doctor if anyone in your family had this problem. Relatives diagnosis details, treatment outcome or results of the genetic testing are essential. Some of the additional risks include age, BMI 30 or more than 30, not being able to have a full-term pregnancy or getting pregnant after 35 or suffering the issue of breast cancer.
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms include indigestion, difficulty eating, loss of appetite, bloating, abdominal pain or pain in the pelvic region. It is best that you discuss the symptoms with your healthcare provider and they can tell you better what should be done.
Why is it essential to get genetic testing?
Genetic testing of the saliva or blood is done if you have a BRCA mutation. By doing so, the next step is determined to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer as per the results. According to the diagnosis, the doctor will let you know which treatment option will work the best for you. With the DNA sample, the results will come within a few weeks.
What is the way to build a healthy lifestyle?
The unhealthy lifestyle, poor exercise regime, or poor eating habits can increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer. The inflammation, metabolism, and immunity will create an environment that increases the risk of cancer. Studies have shown that women who are fit and active are at lower risk of developing cancer as compared to those who are not. So, it is best to make sure you follow a strict diet, do exercise, and follow a healthy lifestyle.
What are the screening options?
Cancer can be detected early with regular screening. In case, someone in the family had cancer then it is better to consult the doctor right. The different tests for screening ovarian cancer include:
- Transvaginal Ultrasound (TVS)
- Risk of Ovarian Cancer Algorithm
- CA-125 Blood test
- Screening tests for stromal tumors and germ cell tumors
What are the possible treatment options?
Treatment will depend on what stage the cancer is. The primary treatment includes local and systemic treatment. The local treatment is surgery and systemic treatment is targeted therapy and chemotherapy